Haphazard Use of Antibiotics & Antibiotic Resistance Manifestations in the Food Chain

Shanvanth Arnipalli
Undergraduate (Animal Sciences – Nutrition)
Dr. Ouilana Ziouzenkova
Environment and Natural Resources

Antibiotics have become a confounding factor in human and animal diets and their microbiome. The escalating contamination of the environment with antibiotic-resistant genes that enable bacterial horizontal and vertical evolution increasing antibiotic resistant strain of bacteria has become a global threat. This poster is a condensed version of the review paper written by Kumaret al.and was made possible by an analysis of pathways that were previously published. In order to justify the comprehensive and educative nature of this review over three hundred sources were used to build a strong foundation from the collection, analyses, and interpretation of both qualitative and quantitative data. The goal of this study and poster is to advance understanding of the mechanisms of dissemination and development of antibiotic resistance genes in the context of nutrition and related clinical, agricultural, veterinary, and environmental settings. This work also provides an overview of alternative strategies using probiotics, essential oils, vaccines, and antibodies as primary or adjunct preventive antimicrobial measures or therapies against multidrug-resistant bacterial infections. Although many excellent reviews have linked the problem of the use of antibiotics in animal feed in relation to antibiotic resistance, this work has a novel perspective and discusses therapeutic measures as well as policies aimed at talking antibiotic resistance and address side effects of antibiotics in human health. This review and poster both cultivate virtuous research culture and address critical concepts in all areas of biology, agriculture, medicine, and many others.